•What causes Concrete Spalling ?

There are many causes of concrete spalling; they include the improper placement of concrete and its reinforcing, electrochemical (galvanic) reactions between embedded metals within the concrete matrix, and corrosion of embedded reinforcing steel due to exposure to water and/or chemicals.

•Steps to Repair Spalling:

1.Expose Steel

2.Treating Corroded Steel

3.Recovering Exposed Steel